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Ganjifa Cards

Sindhudurg ,Sawantwadi

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Ganjifa, Ganjapa or Gânjaphâ, is a card game or type of playing cards that are most associated with Persia and India. After Ganjifa cards fell out of use in Iran during the twentieth century, India became the last country to produce them.

Ganjifa cards are circular or rectangular, and traditionally hand-painted by artisans. The game became popular at the Mughal court, and lavish sets were made, from materials such as precious stone-inlaid ivory or tortoise shell (darbar kalam). The game later spread to the general public, whereupon cheaper sets (bazâr kalam) would be made from materials such as wood, palm leaf, stiffened cloth or pasteboard. Typically Ganjifa cards have coloured backgrounds, with each suit having a different colour. Different types exist, and the designs, number of suits, and physical size of the cards can vary considerably. The backs of the cards are typically a uniform colour, without patterning.

Earlier History :
The earliest origins of the cards remain uncertain, but Ganjifa cards as they are known today are believed to have originated in Persia and became popular in India under the Mughal emperors in the 16th century. The term has been used at times in many countries throughout the Middle East and western Asia. The first known reference can be found in a 15th-century Arabic text, written by the Egyptian historian Ibn Taghribirdi (died 1470). In his history of Egypt he mentions how the Sultan Al-Malik Al-Mu'ayyad played kanjafah for money when he was an emir. A key reference comes from an early-16th century biography of Bâbur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty. Another reference from much the same period comes from a work by the Persian poet Ahli Shirazi (died 1535). In his poem 'Rubaiyat-e-Ganjifa' there is a short verse for each of the 96 cards in the 8-suited pack. When Edward Terry visited India in the first quarter of the seventeenth century, he saw ganjifa cards often.

Variant Cards are Moghul Ganjifa , Dashavatara Ganjifa , Ramayan Ganjifa , Rashi Ganjifa , Ashta Malla Ganjifa , Naqsh Ganjifa , Mysore Chad Ganjifa , Akbar's Ganjifa , Mamluk Kanjifa , French suited Ganjifa

  • Accommodation :
    Hotels are available in sawantwadi

  • Getting There :

  • By Air:
    Sawantwadi does not have an airport. Nearest airport is Dabolim Airport. Sawantwadi 67 km away dabolim airport (GOI), goa, goa. Sawantwadi 76 km away sambre airport (IXG), belgaum, karnataka.

  • By Rail :
    You can easily get regular trains to Sawantwadi from other major cities of the country. Railway Station(s): sawantwadi road (SWV)

  • By Road :
    There are regular buses from other major cities of the country to Sawantwadi. Bus Station(s): sawantwadi

  • Places to see nearby :

    Sawantwadi Palace :
    The Royal Palace of Sawantwadi (also known as the Sawantwadi Palace) is one of the major tourist attractions of the town.

    Moti Talav :
    If Sawantwadi is a beauty then Moti Talav can be called its majestic beauty spot. This graceful lake with a newly renovated garden nearby summons the mortals with divine elegance and imperial diktat.

    Aronda Backwaters :
    Aronda lies on the Maharashtra - Goa Border near Sawantwadi on the backwaters of Terekhol River. Aronda is a stretch of backwaters located on Maharashtra - Goa border. Aronda has a getaway resort now and where guests can get a feel of backwaters.

    Vengurla :
    Vengurla, located on the southern part of the Maharashtra coastline bordering Goa., is visited for its idyllic beaches and shore temples. Vengurla lies 24 kms from Sawantwadi (NH-17) and one end of the Vengurla – Belgaum state highway. Temple around Vengurla area comprise Shri Sateri, Shri Rameshwar, Shri Navadurga at Kanyale Redi, Shri Mauli at Redi and Shiroda, Shri Vetoba at Aaravali, Shri Ganesh at Redi and Shri Ravalnath.

  • Map : Sawantwadi

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